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Marthanda Varma Sankaran Valiathan

Marthanda Varma Sankaran Valiathan, Indian cardiac surgeon (Mavelikara, Kerala State 24 May 1934 –

Authored over 100 scientific papers, several book chapters and 3 books

Established the geochemical cause of endomyocardial fibrosis, i.e., cerium replaces magnesium in cardiac muscle due to deficiency of this element in poor children

With Vincent Gott discovered the thrombo-resistant property of surfaces coated sequentially with graphite, benzalkonium chloride and heparin (GBH)


Interventions to reduce the severity of tropical endomyocardial fibrosis

The first biomaterial to be made with wall-bonded heparin for clinical applications

A series of disposable devices such as hydrocephalus shunt, blood bag, oxygenator, cardiotomy reservoirs, vascular graft and a GBH-coated shunt for resecting aneurysms of the thoracic aorta

Chitra-TTK valve, a mechanical valve with a tilting disc design 

A technique for thoracic aortic bypass using a graphite, benzalkonium chloride and heparin coated shunt