Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and mathematician (Santok Das village, Sahiwal district, Punjab Province 29 January 1926 – Oxford, England 21 November 1996)
ACHIEVEMENTS Predicted parity violation in weak interaction independent from Lee & Yang and Landau (1956)
Introduced chiral symmetry in the neutrino’s theory Theorized the existence of proton decay With S. Glashow and J. Goldstone proved mathematically the Goldstone’s theorem With S. Weinberg first to apply Higgs mechanism to electroweak symmetry breaking (1964) Predicted magnetic photon (1966) Predicted existence of weak neutral currents, Z particles and W particles (1967) Named electroweak force (1967) With S.Weinberg and S. Glashow unified weak and electromagnetic forces With Jogesh Pati proposed that nuclear forces occur in unification (1971) and developed Pati-Salam model in particle physics (1973) With John Strathdee introduced the notion of superspace (1974)
With J. Weiss, B. Zumino & J. Strathlee discovered the supergravity (1974) HONORS Physics Nobel Prize (1979)
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