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Alvaro Reynoso

Alvaro Francisco Carlos Reynoso y Valdés, Cuban agronomist and chemist (Alquízar, Habana Province 04 November 1829 – La Habana 11 August 1888)
 
 

ACHIEVEMENTS

Nouveau procédé pour reconnaitre l’iode et le brome. Ann. Chimie et Phys. 26:285, 1849


Note sur plusieurs nouvelles combinations de l’amoniaque avec les cyanoferrures et, en particulier, avec le cyanoferrure de nickel. Comptes Rendus 33:409 & Ann. Chimie et Phys. 30:252, 1850


Sur un nouveau mode de separation de l’acide phosphorique d’avec les oxydes metalliques. Note sur le preparation des acides metalliques. Comptes Rendus 32:644, 1851


Demonstrated the action of water on many compounds under high pressure and temperature

Action de l’eau, une haute temperature et sous une forte pression sur les pyrophosphates, metaphosphates, cyanures. Comptes Rendus 34:18 & 795, 1852

Memoire relative a l’action de l’eau sur divers corps une haut temperature et dans une forte pression. Comptes Rendus 36:230 &411, 1853  


Memoire sur la presence du sucre dans le uries et sur la liaison de ce phenomene avec la respiration (1853) (prize-winner memory by Institut de France) 


Modified the Melsens procedure for sugar extraction from sugarcane

Nota sobre el empleo del bisulfito de cal en la fabricación del azucar. Diario de la Marina 07 March 1859


Nuevo procedimiento para separar la magnesia de la potasa y la sosa. Mem. Real Soc. Acad. Ciencias (1863)

 

Published Memoria obre la Presencia de sangre em la orina de las personas sometidas a La inalación de medicamentos anestesicos, with which received Montyon Prize of Medicine and Surgery from Academie des Sciences de Paris (1854)

 

His doctoral thesis Investigaciones sobre la formación del eter was published in Annales de Chimie et de Physique de Paris (1856). This research was well received in French and Spanish scientific circles.

 

Proposed reducting sugar cane in pulp until to obtain a homogenous paste favouring total extraction of juice and to amplify his percentage

Conceived Reynoso system, an integral system of agrotechnical measures for intensive cultivation of sugar cane whose principles are in currency until in our days

Published Ensayo sobre el cultivo de la caña de azucar or Essay about sugar cane cultivation (1862), that was regarded as one of the main works about sugar cane and translated to many languages, revolutionising sugar industry due to introduce scientific methodology in yield and management
 
 

INVENTIONS

Devised an apparatus for making the sugar cane produce 80% of sugar. This invention was silver medal distinguished at Industrial Fair of Paris (1878) 

Patented a new method of sugar crystallization employing  cold treatment

A patent about dividing sugar cane in rough sticks using rotative knifes (1874)

A new alumina defecator  

A method to preserve permanently fresh meat joint its odor, color and flavour

A solution for embalming corpses (1858-9)
 
 

HONORS  

Reynosia Grisebach 1866 (Rhamnaceae)