Weichang Qian or Weizang Chien, Chinese physicist (Wuxi County, Jiangsu Province 09 October 1912 – Shanghai 30 July 2010) Authored over 200 papers and 18 monographs Studied new generalized variational principles and established a new variational functional Suggested using the Lagrange multiplier for eliminating the constraint conditions of all kinds of variational problems and established a new variational function using it Put forward a systematic method to construct generalized variational principles (1964) published only in 1979Introduced the intrinsic methods in elasticity (1944) With J.L. Synge authored a pioneering classical work on the intrinsic theory of plates and shells in solid mechanics Established the complete intrinsic theory of plates and shells (1942) Proposed a method to calculate the resistance of radarwave guides Perturbation theory (1947) Developed the method of composite expansions, a novel singular perturbation method (1948) Initiated a perturbation method by using the central deflection as ther perturbation parameterSolved the variable twist torsion problem of thinwalled cylinders with closed cross sections First to obtain the limit equation for thin ring shells and the general solution to the homogeneous equation Developed a new field of nonKirchhoffLove theory of plates and shells Derived a general solution for axisymmetric circular ring shellsDeveloped a new method of encoding Chinese characters (1984) EPONYMY Successive approximation method of treating large deflection problem or Chien method (1948) Qian Weichang equation for nonlinear stability of shallow shell (1960s) Qian Weichang general equation

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