Alphabetical List‎ > ‎M‎ > ‎

Vicente Marcano

Vicente Marcano Echenique, Venezuelan scientist (Caracas 27 October 1848 – Valencia, Carabobo State 17 July 1891)
 
Brother of physician and anthropologist Gaspar Marcano
 
Performed studies on chemistry, agronomy, geology and anthropology
 
ACHIEVEMENTS
 

Chemistry

Synthesized a new molecule, the stibonium chloride

Sobre un Nuevo cuerpo. El cloruro de estibonio. (1878)
 

Discovered perseite from avocado seeds, leafs and fruits

With A.C. Muntz. Sur La perseite, matiere sucree analogue a La manite. Compt. Rend. 99 (1): 38-40, 1884 
 
Obtained a quercite-similar substance from Pouteria sapota
 
Obtained protein bromelin from Ananas comosus (1891), an important enzyme in chemical industry
 
Studied the chemical composition of fruits, cereals and toxic plants  
 
Performed important studies about panification and fermentation being most of these articles coauthored by famous Achille Muntz
 

Proposed new theories about fermentation process

Fermentation directe de la fécule. Mechanisme de cetté metamorphose. Compt. Rend. 95 (9): 856-9, 1882 
 

Demonstrated how yucca fermentation occurs in order to prepare yaraque, a native drink

Sur le Yaraque, boisson fermentee des tribus sauvages du haut Orenoque. Compt. Rend. 107 (19):743-5, 1888 
 

Explained the equatorial black waters

With A.C. Muntz. Sur les eaux noires des regions equatoriales. Compt. Rend. 107:908-9, 1888
 

Agronomy

Designed an industrial apparatus for disinfection of sugar cane alcohol employing fractional distillation

Aparato industrial para la desinfección del alcohol de caña por la destilación fraccionada. Tribuna Liberal, 29 October 1877
 

Some works about tropical plant physiology

Observations et experiences sur la circulation de la seve des vegetaux sous les tropiques. Compt. Rend. 97 (5): 340-2, 1883  

Recherches sur la transpiration des vegetaux sous les tropiques. Compt. Rend. 99 (1):53-5, 1884  

Essais de agronomie tropicale. Le cacaotier, Le cafetier, Le bananier. Ann. Sci. Agr. Fran. Etrang. P.119-52, 1891  
 

Anthropology 

Important archaeological discoveries in Los Cerritos, Cerros de Luna and Ipi Boto 
 
 

LINKS (in Spanish)

http://www.ciens.ucv.ve/svq/historia/Biografia%20V%20Marcano%20-%20CB.pdf

 

http://revistaquipu.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Numero-7-1-3Bifano.pdf