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Kariamanikkam Srinivasa Krishnan

Kariamanikkam Srinivasa Krishnan, Indian physicist (Vizhupanoor Village, Ramnad District, Tamil Nadu 04 December 1898 – New Delhi 14 June 1961)
 
ACHIEVEMENTS
Authored 135 papers
 

Discovered with C.V. Raman and independently from Landsberg & Mandelshtam inelastic scattering of light or Raman effect 

With C.V. Raman. A new type of secondary radiation. Nature 31, 1928
 
Developed techniques for measuring the magnetic anisotropy of dia- and paramagnetic crystals
 
Showed how the magnetic properties of many aromatic molecular crystals and of inorganic complexes reflect molecular anisotropies, bonding and crystal field effects 
 
Mapped the energy distribution of electrons in graphite crystals
 
With A.B. Bhatia introduced a new formalism of treating the electrical potentials in metals and alloys popularized by Ziman many years later and known as Ziman formalism
 

Obtained Krishnan-Bhatia formula on electron transport in alloys

 

Developed Krishnan flip-angle method

With B.C. Guha & S. Banerjee. Phil. Trans. Roy Soc. London A 231:235, 1933

 

Developed critical torque method for measuring of magnetic anisotropy of single crystals and built a very simple instrument for this purpose

With S. Banerjee. Investigations on Magne-Crystallic Action. III. Further Studies on Organic Crystals. Phil. Trans. A 234:265-98, 1935

 

Solved the theoretical problem of correlating magnetic susceptibility and the anisotropies with those of their constituent ions or molecules

With K. Lonsdale. Diamagnetic anisotropy of crystals in relation to their molecular structure. Proc. Roy. Soc. A 156:597-613, 1936

 

Developed a method of finding the molecular orientations in crystals of aromatic substances

 

Discovered quasi 2 dimensional electron transport

 

Discovered Landau diamagnetism in graphite

 

 

HONORS

Vice-President, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (1955-7)

Physics Nobel Prize nominee