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Olympio da Fonseca

Olympio Arthur Oliveira Ribeiro da Fonseca, Brazilian physician  (Rio de Janeiro 07 May 1895 – Rio de Janeiro 19 April 1978)
 
Brother of Brazilian zoologist Flávio da Fonseca
 
ACHIEVEMENTS
Performed studies in mycology, parasitology and tropical medicine
 
Authored 150 works
 
First to demonstrate a sexual process in reproduction of blastomycosis-causating pathogenic yeasts in man (Debaryomyces sp.), 1922  
 

Individualized and named chromoblastomycosis

With Fernando Terra, Magarinos Torres & Area Leão. Novo typo de dermatite verrucosa, mycose por Acrotheca com associação de leishmaniosa. Bras.Med. 2:368-78, 1922. 
 

Developed the first specific skin test for paracoccidiodomycosis

With A.E. Area Leão. Reaction cutanee specifique avec le filtrat de cellule du Coccidioides immitis. Comp. Rend. Seances Soc. Biol. 97:1796-7, 1927 


First to note Aspergillus amstelodami causing black grains mycetoma of feet (1929)   

 

DESCRIBED

Protozoa Genera

Chilomitus 1915

Enteromonas 1915

Globomonas 1918

Tetrachilomastix 1915
 
Described about 30 new Protozoan species
 

Fungi Genera

Glenosporopsis 1943

Piedraia 1928 with Area Leão

Pochonia 1965 with Batista

Teratoschaeta 1967 with Batista
 

Diptera Subgenus

Pseudoscione 1918 with Lutz & Souza Araújo
 

HONORS

Fonsecaia Pinto 1918 (Protozoa)

Fonsecaea Negroni 1936 (Fungi)
 

OTHERS 

Honoris Causa, Université de Paris (1952)

Honorary President, VI (Rome) & VII (Stockholm) International Congress of Microbiology 
 

TRIVIA

Set up the second in importance mycological collection in the world, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1920s)