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Antonio Cardoso Fontes

Antonio Cardoso Fontes, Brazilian microbiologist (Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro State 1879 – Rio de Janeiro 27 March 1943)
 
 
ACHIEVEMENTS
Authored 87 papers
 
Discovered ultramicroscopic forms of tubercle bacillus (1910)  
 
Demonstrated that Koch bacillus present 2 living forms with distinct properties and distinct functions (1910-1)
 
Showed the existence of an ultramicroscopic stage in bacterial life cycle
Sobre o cyclo vital das bacterias. Contribuição ao estudo da forma granular. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 18(1):163, 1925.  
 
His work about filtrability of tubercle agent (1909-11) deserved the interest of the foreign scientific circles and gave him great renown as world authority in Koch bacillus biology 
  
Determined the composition and the function of Koch bacillus granulations, involved in development  and reproduction of rods (1908-10)
 

Created the technique of double staining of acid-fast bacilli named Fontes method

Estudos sobre a tuberculose. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 1:51-68, 1909.  
 

Developed a new method for homogenizing mucus

Sobre um novo método de homogenização de escarros. Bras. Med. 27(22):213, 1913.
 

Simplified the technique for preparation of Petruschky culture medium

Soro de leite Petruschky. Simplificação da técnica para prepare desse meio de cultura. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 6(3):250, 1914.
 

Proposed a new model of tube for tubercle bacilli culture  

Um novo modelo de tubos para culturas de tuberculose. Patologia Geral 5, 1917 
 

HONORS

Genus Fontesia Travassos 1928 (Nematoda)

Doctor Honoris Causa, Vilnius University (1933)

Medicine & Physiology Nobel Prize nominee (1934)
 
 
 

See HTTP://memorias.ioc.fiocruz.br/pdf/tomo39/tomo39%28f2%29_I-IX.pdf (in Portuguese)