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Eduardo De Robertis

Eduardo Diego Patricio De Robertis, Argentine cytologist and microscopist (Buenos Aires 11 December 1913 – Buenos Aires 31 May 1988)

Son of Italian immigrants 
 
 
ACHIEVEMENTS
With P. Rojas & F.A. Saez discovered that most amphibians have no morphologically distinguishable sex chromosomes (1935)
 

Determinated the release mechanism of spermatozoa from amphibian male testicles

 
Showed that gonadotrophin promotes gonadal maturation in toads acting on Sertolli cells (1942)
 

Discovered follicular thyrocolloid

 
Demonstrated the existence of an enzymatic mechanism in production and reabsorption of thyroid hormone (1940s)

First demonstrated the existence of a thyroid protease

With R. Grasso demonstrated peroxidases in epithelial cells and proposed the benzidine technique for histochemical localization of peroxidase activity (1946)

With F.O. Schmit discovered neural tubules or intracellular microtubules (1947)

With B. Epstein & M. Reissig described contagious myxomatosis virus of rabbit (1952)


With R. Canzani, B. Epstein & G. Gasic described mice transplantable leukemia virus (1955) 

 
With Bennett and independently from Palade discovered synaptic vesicles in nerve terminals (1954) and named them 
 
With Bennett associated synaptic vesicles to quantal acetylcholine and catecholamine release 
 

Demonstrated synthesis and release mechanisms in synaptic vesicles

 

Identified pre- and post synaptic receptors

 

With Lasansky first visualized protein-lipid bilayers in retinal photoreceptors and myelin-sheath membranes (1959)
 

First described exocytosis mechanism in adrenal and the ontogenesis of photoreceptors

 
Showed ultrastructure and physiological role of synaptic vesicles (1967)
 
With F. Wald & H. Gerschenfeld discovered the role of glial cells in transmission of neural impulses
 

With Pena, Medina, Novas & Paladini discovered N-butyl-β-carboline-3-carboxylate that binds to cerebral benzodiazepine receptors  (1986)  

 
Coined term endomembrane system
 
Developed techniques of subcellular fractionation for nervous system studies
 
With G. Rodríguez de Lores & A. Pellegrino de Iraldi developed De Robertis method of differential centrifugation for isolation of synaptic terminals (1962)
 

With C.A. Peluffo invented a special chamber to observe the motility of bacteria (1951)

 
With W. Nowinski  & F.A. Sáez authored Citologia General or Cell Biology (1946) with many issues
 
With his son Eduardo Miguel De Robertis authored Cell and Molecular Biology (1980) and translated into 9 languages
 

Medicine & Physiology Nobel Prize nominee