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Carlos Chagas

Carlos Justiniano Ribeiro das Chagas, Brazilian physician (Oliveira, Minas Gerais State 09 July 1878 - Rio de Janeiro 08 November 1934)

Regarded as world authority on hygiene and tropical pathology



Discovered and described Chagas disease (1909), identifying etiologic agent (Trypanosoma cruzi), studying its biology and morphology, way of transmission, clinical manifestations, general principles of its epidemiology, its wild reservoir and intermediate host

Nova tripanozomiase humana. Estudos sobre a morfolojia e o ciclo evolutivo do Schizotrypanum cruzi n.gen; n.sp; ajente  etiologico de nova entidade mórbida. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 1:159-218, 1909. 


Described Chagasic cardiopathy (1922)

With Eurico Villela. Forma cardiaca da tripanosomiase Americana. Mem. inst. Oswaldo Cruz 14: 5-61, 1922.


Described anasarca and hepatomegaly in Chagas disease


Enunciated home theory of malaria transmission undertaking the first successful campaign against malaria in the world (1905)


First to describe lesions of bone marrow in malaria  


Described edematous form of quartan fever


Clarified pernicious outbursts in malaria  


Discovered Pneumocystis sp. in human beings (1911)

First reported the phenomenon of Anopheles stinging during daytime in the sunlight 





Anopheles nigritarsis 1907

Anopheles (Anopheles) intermedius 1908

Anopheles (Myzorhynchella) parvus 1907

Anopheles pseudomaculipes 1908

Cellia braziliensis 1907 (the first diurnal Anopheline known)

Coquillettidia (Coquillettidia) juxtamansonia 1907



Genus Prowazekia 1910 with Hartmann

Subgenus Schizotrypanum 1909

Cercomastix parva 1910 with Hartmann

Chagasella hartmanni 1910

Haemogregariona lutzi 1910 with Hartmann

Trypanosoma cruzi 1909

Trypanosoma minasense 1909




Doctor Honoris causa, Harvard University (1921)

Doctor Honoris Causa, Université de Paris

Doctor Honoris Causa, Université Libre de Bruxelles (1934)

Schaudinn Prize (1912)

Kummel Prize (1925)

Medicine & Physiology Nobel Prize nominee (1913 & 1921)

Subgenus Chagasia Cruz 1906 (Diptera)

Genus Chagasella Machado 1912 (Protozoa)

Chagas disease


Asteroid Chagas 9483