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Upendranath Brahmachari

Upendranath Brahmachari, Indian physician  (Jamalpur, Bihar, West Bengal 19 December 1873 – 06 February 1946)

Synthesized carbostibamide (urea stibamine) and determined that it was effective in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (1922)

Described a new disease, post-kalaazar dermal leishmanoid (Brahmachari disease)

Concluded that Burdwan fever was a combination of malaria and kala-azar (1911)

Showed that in Blackwater fever the largest amount of haemolysis occurred in the liver during the active stage of the disease and prepared an antihaemolytic solution of quinine for treatment of certain cases.
Developed a sorological reaction for diagnosis of kala-azar (1907) known as Brahmachari reaction or Brahmachari-Ray reaction
Medicine & Physiology Nobel prize nominee (1929)