Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian nuclear physicist (Calcutta 01 January 1894 – Calcutta 04 February 1974)
Produced a new chemical used as collyrium
Developed Bose–Einstein statistics, a set of laws that describe o statistical behavior of photons maintained at determined temperature (1924); derived from the same work Bose-Einstein condensate, Bose-Einstein correlations and Bose gas; described in Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese. Zeitschrift für Physik 26:178, 1924.
Saha-Bose equation of state for a nonideal gas (1918)
Physics Nobel Prize nominee (1956, 1959 & 1962)
A good biography can be read in www.arvindguptatoys.com/arvindgupta/snbose.pdf