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BRAZIL

Pedro de Almeida Magalhães, Brazilian physician (Vassouras, Rio de Janeiro 27 November 1864 – Benjamin Constant, Minas Gerais State 13 February 1909)

Described Almeida Magalhães sign

Percussão da fosseta de Mohrenheim para o diagnóstico precoce da tuberculose


First to report intermittent splitting in second heart sound and bruit de gallop in beriberi (Almeida Magalhães sign)

O coração no beriberi (1901)


Cesar Augusto da Costa Avila, Brazilian orthopedist and surgeon (Lages, Santa Catarina State 26 June 1906 – Porto Alegre 19 February 1974)

Developed some surgical techniques and improved others

Eponym of Cesar Avila zone for infantile appendicitis


Amadeo Amidei Barbiellini, Italian-born Brazilian agronomist (Ancona 11 July 1877 - Santos, São Paulo State 11 September 1955)

Gathered a rich entomological collection with a number of new species for science among them Hymenoptera, Diptera, Coleoptera and Odonata 

SOME BIBLIOGRAPHY  

As moscas das fructas. Entomol. Bras. 1 (1908)

Cultivai as amoreiras: o melhor conselho para favorecer a sericicultura no Brasil. A Lavoura. Bol. Soc. Nac. Agric. A 12(7), 1908

O pretenso damno e uma verdadeira utilidade das abelhas (fim). Entomol. Bras. 2(6-8):167, 1909

Um terrível inimigo das amoreiras. Entomol. Bras. 2:234-7, 1909

A maior mosca do mundo. Chácaras e Quintaes 51:62-3, 1935

Uma nova coleo-broca das nossas florestas. Chácaras e Quintaes 43: 245-7, 1935

Duas palavras sobre os dípteros asilídeos. Chácaras e Quintaes 51:335-6, 1935

Como combater o gafanhoto sul-americano. Combate biológico na Argentina. Outros meios de combate. Chácaras e Quintaes 61(5):657-60, 1940

No mundo dos insetos. Moscas gigantes brocando arvores. Chácaras e Quintaes 90(5):617, 1954

Caterpillar of Lilliaceae.Chácaras e Quintaes 90:731-3, 1954

Combate a praga do eucalipto no sul. Chácaras e Quintaes 91:191-2, 1955    

HONORS

Barbiellinia Bezzi 1922 (Diptera) 


Daniel Cargnin, Brazilian Catholic father and amateur paleontologist (Nova Palma, Rio Grande do Sul State 1930 – Mata, Rio Grande do Sul State 2002)

Collected new species of fossil vertebrates

With I.S. Carvalho & A.C.S. Fernandes. Pegadas fósseis do Triassico da Bacia do Paraná (Grupo Rosario do Sul), Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Paleont. 2:71-2, 2001

HONORS

Cargninia Bonaparte, Schultz, Soares & Martinelli 2010 (Fossil Reptilia)


Roberto Ruhman Daher, Brazilian gastroenterologist (Ipameri, Goiás State 1936 – Goiânia 13 May 2007)

From Lebanese descent

He was acting mayor of Goiania city (1977)

Known internationally for his work on hepatic parasitic infectious diseases

SOME BIBLIOGRAPHY

Digestive manifestations in yellow fever. Dig. Dis. Sci. 131:3825, 1986

With W.M.P. Vasconcelos & V.M. Cardoso. Fígado e blastomicose sul-americana. J. Bras. Med. 25:83, 1973

With J. Doles. Valor da determinação da atividade enzimática do soro sanguíneo no diagnóstico das enfermidades hepáticas. Rev. Goi. Med. 18:139, 1972

With W. Barbosa & A.R. Oliveira. Forma linfático-abdominal da blastomicose sul-americana. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. S. Paulo 10(1):16-27, 1968 


Osmar da Silva Fontenele, Brazilian fisheries biologist (Fortaleza 18 April 1915 - 1993)

Simplificação do processo de incubação artificial de ovos livres de peixe (Improvement of artificial incubation of fish free eggs) 1978

Um caracter secundario extragenital nos tucunarés (Actinopterygii, Cichlidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 8(2):185-8, 1948

 

Domingos José Nogueira Jaguaribe Filho, Brazilian physician (Fortaleza 02 November 1847 – Santos, São Paulo State 14 November 1926)

He was Correspondent professor at Ecole de Psychologie de Paris

Invented Velo-aereo, a dirigible aerostat consisting of two balloons with wings (1897)


Hebe Helena Labarthe Martelli, Uruguayan-born Brazilian biochemist and microbiologist (31 May 1919 – 201?)

First in the world to study the production of vitamin A by yeasts


Isolated a new strain of bacteria that readily decomposes sulfonic compounds (1967)

Oxidation of sulphonic compounds by aquatic bacteria isolated from rivers of the Amazon region. Nature 216 (5121):1238-9, 1967

With S.M. Souza. Biochemistry of sulfonic compounds. III. Formation of a two carbon compounds during the oxidation of sulfo-acetate by a Pseudomonas strain. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 208:110-5, 1969


Luiza Cardoso May, Brazilian mycologist and plant pathologist (1917 -

With C.S. Hodges. A root disease of pine, araucária and eucalyptus in Brazil caused by a new species of Cylindrocladium. Phytopathology 62(8):898-901, 1972 (C. clavatum)

With C.S. Hodges & M.S. Reis. Duas enfermidades em plantações de essências florestais exóticas no Brasil. Brasil Florestal 4(15):5-12, 1973 (eucalyptus canker caused by Diaporthe cubensis)


Hugo Lodewijk Radino, Belgian-born Brazilian chemical engineer (Anvers 24 January 1924 -

Developed and patented INGA-Radino process, a new hydrometallurgic process for extraction of zinc from the calamine (1958)

Process of zinc extraction from ores formed by or containing zinc silicate or other soluble silicates by means of hydrometallurgy (1959) patents: US2874041A (1956), DE1040258B (1956), FR1174106A (1956) & AUS 224, 195 (1957)

Leaching of zinc ores containing soluble silicates CA580,901 (1959)  


Edgard Roquette Pinto, Brazilian anthropologist, ethnologist and writer (Rio de Janeiro 25 September 1884 – Rio de Janeiro 18 October 1954)

His full name was Edgar Roquette Carneiro de Mendonça Pinto Vieira de Mello


Performed anthropometric measurements in Indians of Nambiquara, Paresis and Urupás tribes


With B. Vinelli Baptista. Contribution à l’Anatomie Comparée des Races Humaines (1926)


Laid the basis of forensic entomology in tropical lands

With O. Freire. Nota sobre a fauna cadavérica no Rio de Janeiro. A Tribuna Médica 21:413-7, 1908


Honored in genus Roquettea Mello-Leitão 1931 (Arachnida)



Armando Tocchetto, Brazilian plant pathologist (Guaporé, Rio Grande do Sul State 09 July 1907 – Porto Alegre 18 March 1981)

Described the causative agent of grapevine fusariosis Fusarium oxysporum var. herbemontis in Rev. Agr. 209:82-9, 1954


Germain Vert, French-born Brazilian plant pathologist (died Piracicaba, São Paulo 04 March 1908)

Authored influential work Le pollen, origine et transformation. Comp. Rend. hebd. Sean. Acad. Sci. 143 (24):977-9, 1906 

Authored the first report of Eutinobothrus brasiliensis as cotton plant plague in  Bol. Agric. S. Paulo (1905)