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Joaquín María Albarrán y Domínguez

Joaquín María Albarrán y Domínguez, Cuban-born French urologist (Sagua, La Grande 09 May 1860 - Paris 17 January 1912)
 
 
 
 
ACHIEVEMENTS  
 
Authored more than 317 publications
 

First to perform surgical retreat of kidney and prostate

First to insert urethral catheter on a bougie at the renal pelvis level

First performed planned nephrostomy 

First to perform uretherolithotomy

First to note the importance of nephrostomy drainage in calculous annuria

First diagnosed cellular carcinoma in transition of renal pelvis (1903)

Created renal functional exploration

Described an oral hydraulic test for detecting tubular epithelial injury

Described Escherichia coli as causating agent of collibaciluria or Albarrán’s disease (with Halle)

Observed Albarrán’s sign (urethral hemorrhage) in the presence of renal pelvic cancer (1903)

Presented a new classification system of bladder tumours

Clarified entero-renal septic view

Simplified urether catheterization

Developed perineal operation  

Developed sterilizer for decontamination of probes

Developed vesical syringe and instillation syringe

Added a ear-screw to Nitze cystoscope for declining catheter (1896)

Designed catgut knitting for renal rupture

Designed metallic valves for prostatectomy

Designed a cystoscope for urethral catheterization (with Guyon)
Conceived moving claw for cystoscope (1897)

 

EPONYMY

Albarrán urethrotrome

Albarrán test for detecting renal insufficiency investigating polyuria

Albarrán gland or medial lobe of prostate or Home lobe

Albarrán glands or sub cervical glands of urethra  

Albarrán tubules 

Albarrán onglet 

Albarrán operation 

Albarrán-Proust operation

Albarrán-Ormond syndrome 

Desnos-Albarrán urethrotrome 

Albarrán catheter

Albarrán lever  
Albarrán-Guyon method 
Albarran-Guyon law “the sickest kidney is the most constant under experimental polyuria” (1906)   

Albarrán curvo-linear incision

Albarrán forceps

Albarrán point
 

Albarrán clamp

Albarrán nail 

 

 
OTHERS
 
President, First International Congress of Urology 1908
 
Medicine and Physiology Nobel Prize nominee 1912