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Abreu Fialho family

José Antonio de Abreu Fialho, Brazilian ophthalmologist (Aracaju 20 January 1874 – Rio de Janeiro 17 March 1940)


Authored over 200 works (many of them in German)


Described an unique case in ophthalmology

Ueber eine ausgedehnte luetische Erkrankung des Auges mit Mitbetheligung der Conjunctiva (1901)


Developed Abreu Fialho method for treatment of detached retina

Ein Beitrag zur Frage der Netzhautablösung. Klin. Mlbd. Augenheilk. 104:525-33, 1940



His son, Sylvio Abreu Fialho, ophthalmologist (Rio de Janeiro 18 November 1904 – Rio de Janeiro 25 June 1977)


Proposed spontaneous desiccation of cornea (popularized by Urrets Zavalia)

Conservation de la cornée de cadavre par immersion du globe oculaire dans l’huille de paraffine maintenue a 4 ou 6°C. Ann. Ocul. 183:563-9, 1950


Authored works about ocular toxoplasmosis with good repercussion abroad

Toxoplasmose ocular: contribuição ao estudo clínico e experimental. Thesis (1953)

With Lydia Campos Paraguassu. Toxoplasmose ocular: humana e experimental (1964)